Known as the pearl of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, is not only known for its beautiful tropical beaches and breathtaking island life but also as a treasure trove for precious gems of the world.
Sri Lanka has always remained as one of the single most important sources for fine gemstones. Especially notable are blue sapphire, pink sapphire or ruby, and yellow sapphire; alexandrite and cat's-eye chrysoberyl; and almandine and hessonite garnet. Spinel, tourmaline, zircon, moonstone, and quartz are also relatively common.
While there are 200 types of minerals found across the world, Sri Lanka is home to nearly 75 varieties of coloured and colourless gemstones belonging to ten main species.